Gynaecological problems nowadays vex female lives much more than the case used to be a few generations ago. Sex ratio in the working population across the globe has risen markedly with women shouldering the burden of both household chores as well as office work. This culminated to a lot of health anomalies in females which complicate more and more as stress builds up. Abnormal menstruation is one among them.
Irregularities in menstrual cycles refer to the unusual time lag between two consecutive cycles. Such abnormality in the duration between cycles may range from 8 to 21 days which is medically termed as Polymenorrhoea. When the stretch is more than 36 days, the phenomenon is termed as Oligomenorrhoea, which culminates to women having lesser number of cycles in a year. However, the irregular time span in case of polymenorrhic patients is considered to be ‘moderate’, whereas an oligomenorrhoea patient is said to be having a “very irregular” cycle.
Lifestyle factors such as stress, excessive workout sessions, eating disorders, smoking, drug addictions, abnormal weight loss or weight gain as well as certain medical conditions like Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (small cysts developing in the ovaries), change in the hormonal levels of oestrogen and progesterone especially during puberty and while approaching menopause, interventions such as abortion, thyroid disorders, etc. are some of the many causes of irregular menstruation. When we are stressed for whatever reason it may be, our adrenal glands secrete the hormone cortisol. Cortisol has a direct impact on the human sex hormones causing hormonal imbalance leading to menstrual anomalies in females.
In India, apart from treatment modalities such as Ayurveda and Unani, there are a good number of homemade remedies such as a small quantity of ginger (adrak) boiled in a cup of water, few filaments of saffron (kesar) boiled in a cup of water and reduced to 1 teaspoon, jaggery (excluding the duration of an ongoing cycle), Aloe Vera mixed with honey, ajwain, turmeric with milk or honey, etc. Besides, ayurvedic solutions encompass the use of Asparagus racemosus (Shatavari), the bark of Saraka indica (Ashoka) and bark of Symplocos racemosa (Lodhra).
Patients suffering from Polymenorrrhoea and Oligomenorrhoea are essentially advised by specialists on the dos and don’ts with respect to their food intake. The former includes papaya, cinnamon, pomegranate, sesame seeds, etc. The latter, i.e., the eatables to be avoided are junk food, red meat, tamarind and coffee.
Apart from treatment forms like Ayurveda or Unani, irregular menstrual problems can also be taken care of by the practice of Yoga. Yoga specialists recommend Bhujangasana (Cobra pose), Sarvangasana (the shoulder stand) and Ardha Chakrasana (the half wheel or the backward arch pose) as a solution for abnormal menstruation. A regular practice of the spine stretching Yogas, i.e., the Bhujangasana and the Paschimothana Asana (the forward bend pose) by women is known to make childbirth easy.
Surgery is rarely resorted to in case of such problems wherein the patient has structural problems with the uterus or fallopian tubes. In case of patients with polycystic ovaries, birth control pills are prescribed whereas infertility medications are recommended in case of women willing to conceive.
A unique combination of fundamentals of Ayurveda, Unani and Therapeutic Yoga can effectively deal with gynaecological problems like amenorrhoea (absence of any cycle for over a 90-day period), polymenorrhoea, oligomenorrhoea and the like.